Unfortunately, the first temple built in 480 BCE, the original Parthenon, quickly found its demise at the hands of its enemies. Within the first eight years after construction had begun, as this limestone-based prototype wasn't even completed, Persians broke into the city of Athens and burned down the entire structure. Though this temple was dedicated to their namesake goddess, Athena, she was not with these people, as the destroyed ruins were scattered and used as defensive fortifications to separate themselves from such enemies, therefore preventing further loss or more lives, buildings, and valuable pieces of art.
League's treasury was tapped for this construction as a sign of gratitude to the gods. Perikles continued to overlook the construction, although architects Iktinos and Kalllikrates were the true artists behind the construction. Built over the location of the Old Parthenon, the structure was made almost entirely of marble from the Pentelic Mountains, even though the foundations were made out of limestone and the doorways wood. This building was originally made to hold a massive sculpture of Athena, which will be explained in its own post.
An important note about this temple is that it's columns, and therefore the entirety of the temple, were made in the Doric order. While very beautiful, this style is often called the most "simple" order. Void of many extravagant designs, the column is composed of a simple capital (top portion parallell on the picture to the line which mentions the term) and shaft, which is the long, lined portion of the column. The entrance is lined with eight columns